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Funamentals of First Aid: Shock


from Bongarde

The effects of shock can be quite significant but there are ways to reduce the effect of shock on the person. However, it must be remembered that shock is a response to something else. The event that caused the shock must be managed, if you know what it is. Sometimes, the person can go into shock even though the injury or illness seems quite mild. If someone goes into shock, they require immediate medical attention because left untreated, shock can be fatal.

Keep Yourself Safe

  • Call 911.
  • Assess the scene.
  • Proceed with care only if it’s safe to do so-check the cause of the shock i.e. the initial injury or event.

Know The Signs Of Shock

  • Cool, clammy skin.
  • Pale or ashen skin.
  • Rapid pulse.
  • Rapid breathing.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Enlarged pupils.
  • Weakness or fatigue.
  • Dizziness or fainting.

Final Word

Shock is a serious condition and urgent medical assistance is needed. Your first aid role is to keep the person calm, warm, and comfortable until help arrives. If the cause of the shock, such as bleeding, is obvious, do what you can to stop the bleeding.

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